The second column gives the SF, the third the WF, and the fourth column gives an illustration of the use of the WF.
The word to contracts with a number of verbs to form single words. These are given in the table below.
|had to||hæt̬ə||We /hæt̬ə/ tell her|
|has to||hæstə||He /hæstə/ be there|
|have to||hæftə||I /ˈhæftə/ do it|
|supposed to||səpoʊstə||She’s /səpoʊstə/ do it|
|used to||juːstə||he /juːstə/ do this|
|want to||wɑːnə||I /wɑːnə/ kiss you|
|going to||gənə||It’s /gənə/ rain|
Not has a WF /nt/, informally spelled n’t, which contracts with auxiliaries, as in He couldn’t /kʊldnt/come. In such cases the auxiliary always has the SF, i.e. we cannot have */kədnt/, for example. In some cases the contractions consist of one syllable. These are given in the table below.
|are not or aren’t||ɑrnt|
|cannot or can’t||kænt|
|do not or don’t||doʊnt|
|will not or won’t||woʊnt|
In questions, not is often written after the subject in formal writing, as in Is it not time Mrs Selkirk took that step? When reading such a sentence out, however, not should be contracted with the auxiliary: /ɪznt ɪt/ etc. The pronunciation /ɪz ɪt nɑːt/ would be very formal.
Note that in order to avoid the clumsy Am I Not? One normally says /ɑrnt aɪ/, and writes Aren’t I? And musn’t is pronounced /mʌsnt/.