The second column gives the SF, the third the WF, and the fourth column gives an illustration of the use of the WF.
The WFs of the auxiliaries have, will, and be (present tense, both as an auxiliary and as a copula (koppelwerkwoord)) are usually contracted with the pronominal form of the subject when this precedes. The word there, equivalent to Dutch er, also commonly contracts with these verbs, and has therefore been included in the table. Note that weak /i/ in these forms could also be transcribed /ɪ/, there being no opposition here.
|be||have||hard or would||will|
In informal writing the following spellings occur for these contracted auxiliaries: (I)’m, (you)’re, (he)’s, (I)’ve, (I)’d and (I)’ll. These auxiliary WFs, which consist of a single consonant, typically only occur after a pronominal subject, as in the table above. In other situations, the longer WFs of these auxiliaries are more usual. However, it should be noted that:
The book has /bʊks/ or /ˈbʊkəz/ been reprinted
Mary has /ˈmɛri(ə)z/ done it
Madge has /ˈmæd͡ʒəz/ given it up
In the table below the longer WFs of these auxiliaries are given.
|am||æm||əm||So am I|
|has||hæz||(h)əz||Neither has /niːðərəz/ Eric|
|have||hæv||(h)əv||Tom and Mary have moved|
|had||hæd||(h)əd||Where had they put it?|
|would||wʊd||(w)əd||Matthew would do it|
|will||wɪl||(w)əl||Peter will tell you|